Ranger and Timmy’s First Snow

Willowtrail Mountain RangerWhether I like it or not, it’s that time of year when we start to get snow.  When I have foals, one of my first thoughts is which pony hasn’t seen snow before.  Willowtrail Mountain Storm and Storm Princess were born during snowstorms, hence their names.  But for Willowtrail Mountain Ranger and Timothy, last night’s white stuff was a first for them.

I had to be gone for work during the afternoon.  When I left, it was a nice fall day, though somewhat overcast.  Timmy and his dam were out grazing as usual.  About 3pm, a front blew in with heavy rain, and over the course of the next hour the rain gradually turned to big white flakes.  We were working inside a house with a metal roof, and the change in sound during the transition to snow was notable:  rain was very audible but when it made the change to all snow, it was quiet.  I kept looking out the window to see if it was still precipitating (it was), and if it was sticking (it was).

When I returned home, it was still snowing, and Timmy and his mother were in their shed, though completely soaked.  Apparently they had only come in when the snow got heavy.  Timmy looked a little bewildered!  He has a heavy coat and plenty of cover, so I knew he’d be fine.  In fact, I’m not really surprised that we have an inch of snow this morning because of the coats the ponies have been putting on.

Willowtrail Timothy and Mya the Wonder PonyIn contrast to Timmy, Ranger seemed completely unfazed by the snow.  He’s such a mellow, uncomplicated guy, always ready to say hello, seemingly with a smile on his face.  Perhaps it’s because he was born in spring, even though he missed the snow, that Ranger was less bothered by our seasonal transition than Timmy.  This morning, though, Timmy was more than willing to go out into the white with his mom to find tendrils of green hidden beneath their cold cover.  Bless these tough ponies!

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

A Humbling ExperienceIf you like stories like this one, you might also like A Humbling Experience, available internationally by clicking here.


Posted in Fell Ponies, Partnered Pony (TM)

An Entertaining First Day of Weaning

Restar Mountain Shelley IIII find the first day of weaning very stressful.  I work hard all year to minimize emotional stress for my ponies.  Training approaches, management strategies, and nutritional program are all designed with equine emotional (as well as physical) health in mind.  When it comes to weaning, though, there’s no getting around the fact that the process is stressful for mare and foal alike.  The vocalizations are what impact me most because I can hear the distress in their voices.  Fortunately I know that gradually after that first day, everyone gets used to the process and stress declines.

This year’s first day of weaning had some entertaining events to take my mind off the stress.  The first came when I moved two mares to an electric-fence-lined paddock with just a single wire.  The paddock has housed ponies for years, but it only works of course for those ponies who know that that single wire is indeed a barrier.  As I approached the paddock, it occurred to me that neither of these mares were trained to electric fence.  Sure enough, when I let them loose, one at a time, they went under the wire towards the green tendrils on the other side then bolted away when the fence shocked them.  I retrieved them, tied them to an interior wood fence, then put the electric fence back together.  I let them loose again, and while I was there, they eyed the fence respectfully and ate the hay I had put out for them.  Later in the day I found one of those mares again on the wrong side of the fence, but after I returned her that second time, she stayed put.  Those mares at least are now trained to that electric fence.

Another paddock and another pony posed a different challenge.  I put a mare and foal in with the rest of the herd then extracted the mare, intending that weaning would begin for that foal.  When I checked on him an hour later, he was on the wrong side of a wooden fence.  I don’t know whether he went under or through the fence, but when I put him back in that paddock again, he was out within five minutes.  I decided not to try to solve that problem at this point.  Instead I saw a silver lining.  I’ve been enjoying riding his mom with him at foot, and I’ll get to continue that until I figure out a different way to wean him.

The evening that I had all this weaning entertainment, an email appeared that offered advice to make weaning easier.  (1)  I eagerly read it, only to discover that I was already implementing their suggestions:

  • “[Wean] no earlier than four months of age, to allow the foal ample time to grow and develop a strong immune system before leaving mom’s side.”
  • “[Turn] weanlings out with a well-behaved gelding or nonrelated mare both for companionship and for teaching them how to behave.” I prefer instead to have the companion pony already be an established part of the foal’s herd, such as an older sibling or non-breeding mare.  Then when the foal’s dam is removed, the foal still has a familiar herd structure.  The one downside of this strategy is if the companion pony is bonded to the mare being removed.  They then may protest the departure of the mare as much as the foal does.  This situation increased my anxiety on the first day of weaning because the distress calls were coming from most of the ponies in the herd, not just the foals!
  • “[Gradual] weaning …. is less stressful for the foal than abrupt weaning…” Their definition of gradual weaning is a little different than mine.  They assume abrupt weaning to mean that all mares are removed from all foals at the same time with the foals all being together with no other companion ponies.  Gradual weaning is when a single mare is removed at a time.  For me, gradual weaning is time-based.  I have a mare who doesn’t do well with cold-turkey weaning, so I take her away during the day, which is about 8 hours, for two or three days then I take her away instead at night, which is about 16 hours, for two or three days, before taking her away permanently.
  • Introduce any dietary changes a month before weaning.

Some research indicates that foals’ immune systems become depressed during weaning, likely from the stress of the process.  Doing what we can, then, to minimize stress certainly will benefit our foals and may even help our own stress about the process, too!

  1. http://www.thehorse.com/articles/34548/weaning-ways?utm_source=Newsletter&utm_medium=breeding&utm_campaign=09-21-2014

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

A Humbling ExperienceIf you like stories like this one, you might also like A Humbling Experience, available internationally by clicking here.

Posted in Fell Ponies, Natural Horsemanship

An Experiment in Touching Foals

Willowtrail Mountain RangerHave you ever seen two ponies mutually grooming each other?  It doesn’t happen often in my herd, but there are a few ponies who have shown me this practice.  I find it particularly touching to watch.  While I can’t definitively know what emotions are involved, it certainly appears that the ponies are expressing an appreciation for their grooming partner.

I still remember the day when I learned that ponies like to be scratched and that in fact many of them have favorite places that they like to be scratched.  This was a revelation to me in part because in our dry climate petting can produce static electricity, and the last thing I want is for my pony to associate my petting to electrical shock!  Scratching is much less likely to have an unintended consequence.  Finding a pony’s favorite places and scratching them to reward good behavior is something I now do regularly.

Early in my pony breeding career I was told by a colleague about a pony they had purchased from someone else.  They found the pony to be overly friendly and somewhat hard to manage, and they attributed the undesirable behaviors to how the pony had been handled when a foal.  Ever since then I’ve been mindful about how I handle my foals, recognizing that behaviors that I may be able to handle might not be acceptable to others.

As is usually the case, my foals this year want to explore things with their mouths.  When I am around them and if I allow it, they mouth my clothing or nibble it or nip it.  I know this isn’t uncommon behavior, and they certainly aren’t doing it aggressively; it’s a form of interaction they use with each other.  Of course I want to discourage that sort of interaction with people, and I’ve written in the past about how using blocking maneuvers in early foal training is effective (click here for more information.)  But as I’ve pondered the behavior in this year’s foal crop, I’ve wondered if there’s something I’m doing that’s encouraging mouth-expressiveness towards me.

In my herd, mutual grooming is most often between a particular mare and her offspring, which is what got me thinking about how I interact with my foals.  That mutual grooming involves them using their teeth to scratch favorite places.  Is it possible that by me scratching my foals’ favorite places when I’m working with them that I’m encouraging them to reciprocate as in the mutual grooming behavior?  I decided to conduct an experiment.

The humidity is higher here in the summer and has been higher recently, so static electricity while petting is less likely.  So, when I’m working with my foals right now, I’ve begun petting them rather than scratching them to see if they are less inclined to want to nibble.  I don’t have enough data yet to draw definitive conclusions, but so far it appears that this change has indeed reduced the nibbling behavior.  They’re more inclined to stand quietly instead.

It took many years before I witnessed the mutual grooming behavior in my pony herd.  I’m so thankful I’ve seen it now because it may be explaining that my foals are trying to mutually groom me when I scratch them in their favorite places.  Redirecting their behavior by blocking it is effective, but using psychology to redirect it by not encouraging it in the first place may be an even better approach!

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

Posted in Natural Horsemanship

Footing Sense 4

Willowtrail Wild RoseWe had a break in our wet weather, so I went out to get reacquainted with Willowtrail Wild Rose.  It had been a few days since we’d worked together, so I started with a simple on-line exercise, asking her to walk in a circle around me.  She refused.  She would take a few steps then stop and look at me.  I encouraged her to start again, and she would take a few steps then stop and look at me.  I was stumped.  Why was the circling game broken?  Had she never really learned it?

I wracked my brain, trying to remember our past sessions.  My memory was that we’d had it working well, but then why was it broken now?  Was Rose having a pony moment, being stubborn?  Certainly that was a possibility, but it wasn’t like her.  I took off Rose’s halter and gave her some hay and went off to think about the situation.

Rose had been unresponsive to visual cues.  Perhaps her forelock was preventing her from seeing them?  This is an important question when working with Fell Ponies since some of them have very thick forelocks and shouldn’t be expected to see visual cues.  That didn’t make sense, though, since Rose doesn’t have the heavy forelock of her father.  Her eyes are usually visible, unlike Apollo’s; I’ve never had to braid her forelock for training sessions like I have his.

During the next break in the wet weather, I went out again to test circling with Rose.  This time, though, I immediately got the answer as to why the game was broken.  It was the footing.  The answer came when I was a little more insistent, still at the walk, and Rose immediately slipped.  Ah ha!  We moved to a different place in the paddock that was drier and firmer, and she executed the circles perfectly.  Ah ha!

Last year when I was riding my Fell Pony mare Restar Mountain Shelley III during the spring thaw, she taught me about footing sense, the ability to discern a safe route through treacherous conditions, in that case through patches of snow and ice and mud.  Footing sense was a revelation to me because I’d ridden other ponies that didn’t have the ability that Shelley showed for choosing a safe path.  I don’t know whether the judgment Rose showed about ground conditions while circling is unique to Fell Ponies, but it certainly reminded me of the lessons Shelley taught me.  I am thankful that I didn’t push Rose to circle and that when I did get more insistent, I immediately recognized the problem.  She wasn’t being stubborn at all, just self-preserving.  Can’t blame her for that at all!

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

Shelley’s lessons on Footing Sense are included in the book Fell Ponies:  Observations on the Breed, the Breed Standard, and Breeding, available internationally by clicking here.

Posted in Fell Ponies, Natural Horsemanship, Partnered Pony (TM)

First Woods Loop!

Willowtrail Wild RoseThe woods loop is a ½ mile route down the driveway then off onto a trail through the woods ending back up at the house.  Because the mountain pine beetle has killed a substantial amount of our forest and we have logged some of the dead trees, the woods loop is now more than half out in the open rather than in the woods.  The vistas are incredible, though, so while the experience is different than it used to be, it still makes for a pleasant outing.

A milestone in developing my ponies for riding is ‘doing’ the woods loop.  Since I do nearly all my pony work solo, doing the woods loop alone is a common occurrence.  Sometimes a pony’s first experience with the woods loop is scampering loose beside its dam, sometimes it’s being ponied.  Riding the woods loop is one of my favorite things to do which is why it has become a milestone in developing my ponies for ridden work.

I’ve had Willowtrail Wild Rose, my seven year old mare, at home for the past several weeks.  I had to bring her in off pasture because she was gaining weight so quickly.  She’s in a paddock by herself, which is definitely not her favorite thing, so I’ve been doing things with her numerous times a day to take her mind off her solitary confinement.

I don’t remember ever taking Rose on the woods loop before, and we hadn’t ever progressed our ridden work enough to ride the woods loop.  It therefore became a goal to do my favorite trail ride with Rose.

The woods loop has many opportunities for surprises.  The dogs are the most likely sources of surprise: chasing squirrels, popping in and out of brush, and sometimes being in front and sometimes behind.  Then there is always the possibility of seeing a deer or a moose, with a bovine cow or bull less likely.

Because I haven’t had Rose in many unusual situations, I worked to set her up for success by hand-walking her around the woods loop two days in a row at the same time of day.  The third day, I mounted her and we headed down the driveway.  I didn’t expect we’d ride the whole loop; my plan was to ride her as far as she was comfortable and then hand-walk her the rest of the way so that she understood my goal.  To say I was thrilled when she took me the whole way that first time is an understatement!

We’ve now ridden the woods loop numerous times together, and it’s still a thrill each time.  There is one place where the vista of mountain ridges to the west is particularly nice, and Rose makes me laugh because she always wants to stop and take in the view there.  I’m so fortunate to share my life with Rose!

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

A Humbling ExperienceIf you like stories like this one, you might also like A Humbling Experience, available internationally by clicking here.


Posted in Fell Ponies, Natural Horsemanship

Sleeping Beauty

Beauty asleep in the winter

Beauty asleep in the winter

I had pulled into pasture with two ponies in the trailer.  As I went by I had seen the ‘pasture herd’ in the far northeast corner, their favorite spot in the West Bank pasture.  I put the boys in the North 40 pasture then entered the West Bank pasture through the metal gate by the shed to check minerals.  As I clanged the chain on the gate, I heard a nicker and when I rounded the corner of the shed, I discovered a pony there.  Sleddale Rose Beauty, my senior Fell Pony mare, was alone and as surprised to see me as I was to see her.  I gave her a treat and two hugs because I needed them; she was uncharacteristically in the mood to receive them.

My next chore was to get the feed buckets out of the trailer for the pasture herd, so I told Beauty I’d be right back with hers.  Before I’d even gone through the gate, though, Beauty called urgently to her herd and trotted off looking for them.  I watched her head for an opening in the willows where she could cross the river, and she was gone.  By the time I’d walked across the bridge with the buckets, Beauty was intermingled with the herd as though she’d been there for hours.

It seemed strange that Beauty was alone in the shed, so here’s my guess about what happened.  The twenty-seven-year-old had fallen asleep in the shed with the herd nearby, but then they headed out for the day while she was sleeping.    As she’s aged, I’ve noticed she falls more deeply asleep and takes longer to come awake.  I woke her up when I banged the chain on the gate, and she accepted my hugs because she wasn’t fully awake even then.  By the time I left her to get the buckets, she’d regained her full faculties and realized she was alone and immediately rectified the situation.  I’ll remember those wonderful hugs for a long time now that I know they came from my sleeping Beauty!

© Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

If you like stories like this one, you might also like A Humbling Experience, available internationally by clicking here.

Posted in Fell Ponies, Partnered Pony (TM)

An Affectionate Side

Restar Lucky Joe helps me with a selfie.

Restar Lucky Joe helps me with a selfie.

It’s important when we think about our ponies (or any other animal for that matter) that we not assume they experience the same emotions that we do.  Nonetheless, when we see behaviors that are similar to our own, it’s hard not to say that our ponies are happy or angry or loving or stubborn.  Rather than assuming the emotion is the same as our own, it’s better to let them express whatever they need to express and receive it as information to benefit our relationship.

With that disclaimer, I will admit that I’m starting to think my new stud colt Restar Lucky Joe has an affectionate side.  Like most of my ponies, he greets me at the fence, and then again like most of my ponies he wants to interact.  More than some of my ponies, though, he seems to relax when I pet him or scratch him or talk to him, as though he likes the attention.  And then he’ll put his head on my shoulder or lip my clothes in a way that makes me think he’s returning the affection I’m giving to him.  (Then again, these could be interpreted as actions of dominance.  I’m staying open to both interpretations to inform our developing relationship.)

The word ‘selfie’ was apparently added to the American English dictionary recently (though my computer’s spell-checker doesn’t include it yet!)  A few weeks ago I got a camera that allows for taking selfies.  I’m not much interested in pictures of myself, but ponies of course are another matter.  Lucky Joe was ready and willing to be included in the first one and display his affectionate side.

The other day I watched Lucky Joe interact with one of my mares over a tall gate.  The mare was in heat; on other days she’s wanted nothing to do with Lucky Joe.  But on this day she was interested, and I watched Lucky Joe ‘caress’ her neck (the only part of her body he could reach) with his lips and teeth.  It was very gentle and tender and quite touching to watch and quite a contrast to how I’ve seen some stallions behave around mares.

It’s still eight months at the earliest before I introduce Lucky Joe to a mare without fencing between them, so it will be awhile before I get much more new information about how he feels about them and they about him.  In the mean time, I’ll continue to observe his reactions to my gestures of affection.  So far he seems to be as special as his breeder described after he was born.

(c) Jenifer Morrissey, 2014

A Humbling ExperienceIf you like stories like this one, you might also like A Humbling Experience, available internationally by clicking here.

Posted in Fell Ponies, Natural Horsemanship, Partnered Pony (TM)